If you have swollen, red or bleeding gums, then it may be the beginning of periodontitis. Periodontitis is a bacterial infection that occurs under and along the gums. If the harmful bacteria are not removed, they will multiply quickly and damage your tissue. In the worst case, the bacteria might break down your gums and the bone structure that holds your teeth. Eventually, your teeth will fall out. Fortunately, there are many things you can do yourself to minimise and prevent the risk of periodontitis.
- Brush your teeth gently and at least twice a day paying special attention to the gums. Use a toothpaste that contains fluoride.
- Change your toothbrush every 3-4 months.
- Use floss at least once a day between your teeth. Dental floss is the only way that you can clean out impurities between your teeth.
- Regularly go to the dentist, at least once a year.
- Eat a healthy and nutritious diet.
Avoid tobacco products.